SpaceX (Exploration Technologies Corporation – SpaceX) is a North American aerospace transportation company founded in 2002 by Elon Musk, who made history by reusing for the first time one of his rockets (Falcon 9), to put into orbit a satellite that had already been used in another mission. This is the day with which the aerospace company had dreamed, and which will go down history in the conquest of space.
Falcon 9 is a two-stage rocket driven by liquid oxygen (LOX) and densified rocket kerosene (RP-1), it departed from the Kennedy Space Center, in Cabo Cañaverla (Florida), on March 30th, 2017 at 18:27 local time and 32 minutes later put into orbit the telecommunications satellite SES-10. Falcon 9 had put into orbit another satellite a year ago, and then returned under the control of experts in ground. Scientists successfully achieved its return to our planet on a landing platform in the Atlantic Ocean. The telecommunications satellite’s mission will be providing internet and television services to Latin America and the Caribbean, and will be in charge of sending signals to South America and Mexico.
Elon Musk, also owner of Tesla and Paypal, said: “(…) I think this is a revolutionary moment. No one has ever brought back an intact orbital type launcher.” Up until now, all orbital rockets launched into space have always been disposable, meaning that for every mission in orbit, all new rockets (costing hundreds of millions of dollars) have been built. The strategy used by SpaceX has always been to land their rockets after the launching, pretending to launch them again, in order to reduce manufacturing costs for each mission. As they explained, their engineers spent 15 years guaranteeing the reutilization of rockets, which will significantly cut prices for space missions.
A new age with Falcon 9
Musk’s goal with SpaceX is and has always been to lower the cost of space trips, in order to launch more rockets all over the world in the near future, and encourage the start of space tourism, for which they have been developing reusable rockets for so many years, which send back their first phase (the propellers, which are the most expensive part) to Earth, to land safely on a boat or land, reducing 30% of the total cost of each reused launching. Therefore, they will invest more into improving their rocket recovery and maintenance system in order to launch them again within 24 hours and not a year later.
With this success, SpaceX wants to maximize the economic benefits of their reusable rockets, placing themselves again in the race of reusable rockets, offering a practical solution for the aerospace industry, with a technology that could generate a fast change, with frequent trips, maybe even up to a dozen of times before being removed. The company is working on reducing the return time because they expect to launch 6 pre-flown Falcon 9 rockets this year, for which they must be inspected, restored and tested multiple times to make sure that it is ready for a space trip. We can ensure that a new age has started for the space world with reusable rockets.